“Forest-high-tech” – a turn from a raw material model to a technological
Environmentalism and technology have become central issues at the section of the St. Petersburg Economic Forum (SPIEF)
The Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia believes that in the conditions of bioeconomics it is necessary to avoid the traditional emphasis on the availability of a large number of resources and move to the principle of their effective and rational use.
“Russia needs to continue to develop deep processing of the forest, moving in the chemical sector, building a pulp and paper mill – optimally four plants to ensure deep processing. In addition, it is necessary to use the secondary raw materials competently. The main principles are laid down in the strategy for the development of the forest industry until 2030, which is now being considered by the Government. According to the document, the main indicators of the industry should grow by almost two-fold, “said Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov.
The head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia added that the Strategy developed in cooperation with the business fully meets the challenges that face the Russian forest sector today. And we are talking not only about the domestic market, but also about exports.
“For the first time, we managed, led by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia, to make a full-fledged Forestry Development Strategy. This document should become a base for a long period of time. I want to remind you that our industry is complex and, of course, has its own problems, but we see that the conditions on the market are favorable for the first time in many years, “said Zakhar Smushkin, Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC Ilim Group.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, the volume of deliveries of timber products to external consumers already exceeds 11 billion dollars, and by 2024, experts predict, this figure will grow to 17 billion dollars. The greatest prospects in this regard are related to the implementation of a number of large-scale projects of the pulp and paper industry: by 2030, the potential demand for Russian pulp can almost double. In this regard, the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation intends to provide comprehensive support to enterprises producing pulp.
“In our projects on pulp-and-paper industry, we do not focus on cellulose as a final product,” emphasizes Pavel Bilibin, Senior Vice President, Director of the Forestry Complex, State Corporation “Bank for Development and Foreign Economic Affairs (Vnesheconombank)”. – For example, viscose, staple fiber – all this is also in demand by Russian industry and is a product of our industry. We intend to further develop projects for deep processing of wood, work on products with high added value”
Also in this area, large-scale international cooperation is planned, in particular with China. Zhou Liqun (General Manager of China Chengtong International Investment Ltd) described one of these projects during the session: “We started the development of the project of building a large pulp and paper mill in the Far East. This is about 800 jobs for the region and more than 500 million tons of products per year. Currently, together with Russian partners, we are developing the infrastructure of the future production and look forward to further successful cooperation. ”
During the session, the need to use the principle of recycling was noted: over the last 5 years, the capacity for recycling waste paper in Russia increased fivefold. “We are sure that in 2019 in our country the famous system of the Soviet model of state support for the collection of waste paper will return. This is a very important step in the direction of environmentally literate behavior of the population. Now this project is just passing parliamentary hearings, “said Denis Kondratiev, a member of the Supervisory Board of the SRO” League of Recyclers of Waste Paper”.
Russian enterprises from paper waste produce a whole range of products. To further promote this segment, it is necessary to expand domestic demand. And here the significant potential is associated with the gradual replacement of polyethylene packaging with its ecological paper analogue. “Our company is present in almost all segments of the pulp and paper industry and the forest industry as a whole. Now we are finishing the development of the project of “smart” paper packaging. It has a built-in chip, and the manufacturer will be able to trace the logistics of the goods, and the buyer – to get all the data through the mobile application. Paper packaging is a brand, and we must support all measures to increase its relevance,” said Ali Sisdenov, Senior Vice President of Sistema.
Another priority direction of the timber industry at the junction of ecology and economics is wooden house-building. Russian enterprises produce modern, competitive materials, including on the foreign market, such as LVL-bar, OSB plates, plywood. To stimulate demand for wooden houses, social programs are provided for subsidizing loans for their purchase. In Moscow and the Moscow region will be implemented pilot versions of multi-storey wooden eco-quarters. Due to the implementation of such an integrated approach, by 2025 it is planned to increase the use of wooden housing construction products in the total volume of housing construction from 10% to 20%.
One of the main “green” trends of timber industry was the topic of biofuel production. Wooden pellets have the most capacious export potential: their volume of supplies to foreign markets has been growing at a rate of 30% in recent years, leading Russia to the world’s top five suppliers of this biofuel. The Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia forecasts a threefold increase in pellet production in the coming years.
“We can not compete with wood pellets with gas in the domestic market, nevertheless, in certain areas of our country we already use the translation of boiler houses for this type of fuel, which is environmentally friendly,” said Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov, commenting situation with the use of pellets in Russia.